Frequently Asked Questions


What is epinephrine and are there other medications for anaphylaxis?

Epinephrine is the treatment and drug of choice by doctors for anaphylaxis - a severe, potentially life-threatening allergic reaction. 
Source: NCBI-NIH

How does an epinephrine device work?

Once administered, the epinephrine works to increase blood pressure, relax lung muscles, increase heart rate and reduce hives and swelling. 
Source: MedLinePlus

What does the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) currently require on commercial flights?

Currently, the FAA does not require airlines to equip their planes with readily accessible epinephrine devices. While epinephrine is required on flights, the FAA only requires airlines to carry a needle or syringe to administer the drug, necessitating medical oversight.  
Source: The Hill

How many people in the United States have food allergies?

There are 32 million Americans, including 5.6 million children under the age of 18, who suffer from food allergies. Approximately, 1 in 10 adults and 1 in 13 children have food allergies. Source:
Source: FARE

How many of these 32 million food-allergic Americans have suffered a severe reaction?

More than 40 percent of children with food allergies have experienced a severe allergic reaction such as anaphylaxis. Between 2007 and 2016, medical procedures to treat anaphylaxis from food allergies increased by 380%. 
Source: FARE

How many individuals are treated in hospital emergency rooms each year for allergic reaction?

Every year at least 200,000 individuals are treated with emergency care in hospitals, that is about one hospitalization every three (3) minutes!
Source: FARE

Why has the need for access to epinephrine devices become greater in recent years? 

According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the prevalence of food allergy in children increased by 50% between 1997 and 2011. Between 1997 and 2008, the prevalence of peanut and tree nut allergy has more than tripled.    
Source: FARE

Is there an authoritative study on the economic cost of food allergies to the public? 

Yes. In January of 2013, JAMA Pediatrics released a study estimating the cost of food allergies per year per child at $4,184 or $24.8 billion annually by accounting for medical and out-of-pocket expenses, lost labor productivity, and job changes for caregivers.  
Source: JAMA

Has the U.S. Department of Transportation determined that food-allergic passengers qualify as having a disability and therefore are entitled to special accommodations?

Yes, on May 16, 2019, the U.S. Department of Transportation concurred that, under Section 382.93 of the Air Carrier Access Act (ACAA), 49 U.S.C. § 41705, “passengers with severe nut allergies qualify as disabled” and that carriers “must offer preboarding to passengers who self-identify at the gate as needing additional time or assistance to board, stow accessibility equipment, or be seated.” 
Source: U.S. Department of Transportation